Foundations of Democratic Representative Government – The Electoral College
The United States democracy is based on principles and ideals that are embodied by symbols, people and documents.
The Romans established a form of government — a republic — that was copied by countries for centuries In fact, the government of the United States is based partly on Rome’s model. A republic, a government in which citizens elected representatives to rule on their behalf. A republic is quite different from a democracy, in which every citizen is expected to play an active role in governing the state.
Representative Government: An electoral system where citizens vote to elect people to represent their interests and concerns. Those elected meet to debate and make laws on behalf of the whole community or society, instead of the people voting directly on laws and other debates.
The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President.
SENATE | Two senators from each of the 50 states give each state 2 of their total electoral college votes.
CONGRESS | Each state’s entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for your Senators. Colorado has 7 congressional districts, so 7 congressional district electoral college votes for a total of 9 electoral college votes.
* The 2020 Census will determine how the 435 congressional districts will be reallocated next decade. This, in turn, will determine changes to the electoral map. As a result, each state receives an allocation of electoral votes equal to the number of congressional districts it has plus two for its Senators. If some states get additional electoral votes, other states will get fewer, so as to always total 435 electoral votes from congressional districts.
For that reason, the addition of one additional Congressional District in Colorado (from 7 to 8) after the 2020 census will require “redistricting” – Choosing these boundaries will become a hot topic soon!